Practically identical to a natural tooth in both look and function, dental implants are the most realistic looking tooth replacement. Dental implants can also be used to support bridges, again perfectly copying the function of healthy, natural teeth. The first step is to surgically place a post, which is securely anchored into the jawbone. It will take about six months for the bone surrounding the anchor to heal. An artificial tooth is installed with a completely solid and stable anchor point.
Implant Dentures: Not only do loose or poor fitting dentures make eating difficult, they can also cause painful sore spots on gums after sliding around while chewing. Implant dentures are a solution to this problem. An implant denture is a removable denture, which can be attached onto implants. In most cases, two to four implants are surgically placed in the bone and are anchored as the bone heals and affixes itself to the implant. After about a six month healing process, the dentist can construct an implant denture. The attachments on the underside of the denture and the bar on the implant hold the denture in place and prevent it from moving while chewing and speaking.
Porcelain Veneers, also know as porcelain laminates, are extremely thin and customized to fit each individual. Veneers are attached directly onto the front of the tooth, creating a natural appearance that hides any irregularities or aesthetic concerns.
Orthodontic treatments and porcelain crowns may be better choices for patients with tooth decay, advanced periodontal disease, or severe misalignment as opposed to veneers which are not recommend for such patients.
The majority of common orthodontic services vary from rapid palate expander (RPE) to dental braces and retainers.
Redness, tenderness, bleeding, and inflammation around the gum line are all early signs of gum disease, also known as gingivitis. By getting a good cleaning and maintaining good daily oral hygiene habits, any issues with hygiene can typically be resolved. To check for hardened plaque above and below the gum line, also called tartar or calculus, your dentist and hygienist will usually use a tool called a probe to measure periodontal pocket depths and test for bleeding. It can be very difficult to sufficiently clean around teeth if the natural crevice in the surrounding gum area is deeper than 3 millimeters. This could cause further progression from gingivitis, a disease limited to the gum tissue, to periodontal disease, or periodontists, which occurs when the gingivitis moves on to the bone and ligament tissue.
Scaling and root planning are deep cleaning procedures that can successfully stop moderate periodontal disease by getting rid of the deposits, which hold germs that cause infection. Typically, the procedure is completed by cleaning a portion of the mouth at a time while the patient is numbed with local anesthetic. If the case is more severe, a specialist, or periodontist, might need to perform a surgical procedure after the root planning. People who have been treated for gum disease in the past should get professional cleanings more frequently than others.
Not only do porcelain crowns reinforce and protect the tooth, they also maintain the natural appearance of teeth by covering the entire visible surface of the tooth. While porcelain crowns are nearly indistinguishable from natural teeth and therefore the best choice for visible teeth, gold crowns are useful when crowning back teeth, as they pose no risk of chipping.
Porcelain Fixed Bridges replace missing teeth with artificial teeth and can make chewing easier. They also can improve the appearance of teeth and are a more permanent solution than dentures.
While composite resin fillings appear identical to natural teeth, fillings can also be made of silver (amalgam). Decay is completely removed from the tooth before being replaced with a filling.
Each tooth contains something called “pulp” that carries the tooth’s blood supply and nerves. Bacteria can reach the pulp through either a fracture or a deep cavity. This could cause the pulp to become infected, leading to pain and even risk of tooth loss. Root canals involve the removal of the infected pulp and replacing it with a rubber sealant. After the tooth is covered with a protective crown, which improves the tooth’s appearance, reinforces the tooth and protects it against future fractures. Other than tooth extraction, root canals are the only solution saving from being lost to infection.
An alternative to braces, Invisalign® is virtually invisible and uses a series of clear, removable aligners to straighten your teeth without metal wires or brackets. Each set of clear aligners is worn for approximately two weeks and removed only to eat, drink, brush, and floss. Teeth are straightened little by little until they match the ideal position that your orthodontist or dentist has prescribed. To make sure that your treatment is on track, you will need to visit your orthodontist or dentist about once every six weeks. Invisalign® users typically wear between 18-30 aligners for an average of 9-15 months.
To whiten teeth, patients wear customized trays, which are filled with a whitening gel, for as little as 1 hour each day. This process can erase the majority of stains, whether they be from coffee drinking, tobacco, or yellowing associated with aging, in as little as one week. Patients are left with a bright white smile. For faster results, there is also an in-office gel treatment available. Porcelain veneers or crowns may be a better solution for some, as teeth whitening may not be an appropriate treatment for hard-to-treat stain.
Routine extractions, extractions due to infection, and extractions of wisdom teeth may occur in extreme cases where a tooth cannot be saved.
The molars located farthest back in the mouth are called wisdom teeth. They usually grow after age 18 and are the last to grow in the mouth. Wisdom teeth often do not grow in properly and become impacted. If this occurs, it could cause a number of different problems such as gum disease, infection, decay, and even tumors. Wisdom teeth are typically extracted at the first sign that they may be impacted in order to prevent such problems.
Extractions may be necessary if other approaches will not save a severely infected tooth.
Thanks to modern dentistry, routine tooth extractions are generally painless and comfortable procedures. Patients are instructed to avoid empty tooth sockets when brushing and give extra care to the tooth socket for one week after the extraction. Slight bleeding can be expected and pain medication is usually prescribed for any remaining discomfort.
Complete and Partial Dentures: Dentures are the removable replacements for missing teeth and surrounding tissues. The technique involves two types of procedures: Complete and Partial dentures.